How to Credit Authors and Other Contributors
Author "refers to the person or group primarily responsible for producing the work or the aspect of the work that you focused on" (p. 22).
Single and Multiple Authors (p. 21-22)
Citation Maker has fields for an author's first, middle, and last names. Enter that information as found on the source. Citation Maker will add the correct formatting, like reversing the order of the names.
- 1 author: Twain, Mark.
- 2 authors: Lerner, Alan J., and Frederick Loewe.
- 3 or more authors -- only list the first author: Johnson, Amanda Michelle, et al.
Author's Role (pp. 22-24)
If the person you list as the author has a role other than creating the work, follow the author's name with a label that describes the role. This might include an editor, translator, performer, director, or narrator. If Citation Maker does not have a field for Author's Role, add a comma and the role in noun form (like producer or illustrator) after the name in the Middle Name field or after the name in the First Name field if there is no middle name.
Ex: Spielberg, Steven, director.
Corporate Author (pp. 25, 104-105)
If an author is a group or an organization, institution, or agency, it is a corporate author. List the corporate author in the Last Name field.
- When an organization is both the author and publisher, skip the Author field and only list the organization in the Publisher field.
- If an organization's name begins with "The," do not include "The" when listing their name.
Corporate Author, Government Agency (pp. 104-105)
- For a government agency that is the author, begin with the name of the government. Follow that with a comma and the name of the agency. All of this information will be added in the Last Name field on Citation Maker.
Ex. for Oregon Department of Corrections: Oregon, Department of Corrections
Ex. for England's Ministry of Foreign Affairs: Great Britain, Ministry of Foreign Affairs
- If the agency is a known part of a larger agency, list the larger agency first.
Ex. for CDC: United States, Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Ex. for U.S. House of Representatives: United States, Congress, House
Pseudonym (pp. 24, 102-103)
Some authors use a pseudonym, which is a name other than their real name. This can include a pen name or online username.
- If the pseudonym consists of a first and last name, enter it as you would any author.
Ex: Twain, Mark
- If it is one word or does not follow a traditional name order, enter the entire pseudonym in the Last Name field.
Ex: Film Crit Hulk
- If a pseudonym is not commonly known and if you know the person's real name, include it in parentheses after the pseudonym.
Ex: Benton, Thomas H. (William Pannapacker)
Ex: @TheEllenShow (Ellen DeGeneres)
Titles and Suffixes (pp. 103-104)
- If a person's title, affiliation, or degree is listed, do not include it in the citation.
Ex. for Neil deGrasse Tyson, PhD: Tyson, Neil deGrasse
Ex: for Sir Anthony Hopkins: Hopkins, Anthony
- If an essential suffix is included at the end of the name, include it in the citation. Do this by adding a comma and the suffix after the name entered in the Middle Name field or to the end of the First Name field if there is no middle name.
Ex. for Martin Luther King, Jr.: King, Martin Luther, Jr.
Ex. for John D. Rockefeller, IV: Rockefeller, John D., IV
Other Contributors (pp. 37-38)
If you want to credit other people who are relevant to your project or who are needed to identify the source, add their names in the Other Contributors field. "Precede each name (or each group of names, if more than one person performed the same function) with a description of the role." If Citation Maker does not have a field for Contributor's Role, enter one verb, in the past tense and capitalized, to describe the role, and follow that with "by" (no quotes). Add that information in front of the name in the First Name textbox. Depending on the focus of your research, you might want to highlight one or more individuals.
Here are four different examples for the movie, Bridges of Madison County.
Adapted by Richard LaGravenese.
Performance by Clint Eastwood and Meryl Streep.
Directed by Clint Eastwood.
Directed by Clint Eastwood. Adapted by Richard LaGravenese.
Check p. 63 of the MLA Handbook for guidelines about names in other languages.
Works Cited List: Multiple Entries from Same Author
When you cite multiple sources from the same author, only list the full author's name in the first entry. For the following entries, use three dashes in place of the author's name. Citation Maker cannot do this for you, so you will need to make that change on the works-cited list that it produces.
Simon, Seymour. Planet Mars. Seastar Books, 2008.
---. The Universe. Rev. ed., Smithsonian, 2006.
---. Stars. Rev. ed., Smithsonian, 2006.
Thompson, Stan. The Big Bang Theory. Random House, 2014.
MLA Handbook. 8th ed., Modern Language Association of America, 2016.
The MLA Style Center: Writing Resources from the Modern Language Association. Modern Language Association of America, 2016, style.mla.org.