Audio Recording Citation Examples
Here are some example citations for audio recordings. They are based on MLA 8 guidelines. A Works Cited page should be double spaced within and between citations. To save room, we only single spaced. When a citation requires more than one line, the second line and any lines that follow should have a hanging indent. That means the first line of each citation aligns with the left margin, and all additional lines are indented half an inch.
Example – song on an album
John, Elton. "Candle in the Wind." Goodbye Yellow Brick Road, MCA, 1974.
Example – song on an album, listened to on artist’s own Web site, performer as author
Beyoncé. “Sandcastles.” Lemonade, Parkwood Entertainment, 2016, www.beyonce.com/album/lemonade-visual-album/
Example – song on an album, listened to on artist's own Web site, focus on producer
Berry, Vincent, producer. “Sandcastles.” Lemonade, Parkwood Entertainment, 2016, www.beyonce.com/album/lemonade
Example – song, no album, listened to on a Web site, author is songwriter
Key, Francis Scott. "Star Spangled Banner." U.S. Army Music, U.S. Army, www.music.army.mil/music/nationalanthem.
Example – song on an album, listened to on Spotify
Morris, Rae. “Skin.” Cold, Atlantic Records, 2014. Spotify, open.spotify.com/ track/0OPES3Tw5r86O6fudK8gxi.
Example – album, artist is a group
Beatles. Abbey Road. Capitol, 1969.
Example – opera album, listened to on a CD, composer as author, with featured artists
Mozart, Wolfgang A. Cosi Fan Tutte. Performances by David Randall and Philippe Huttenlocher, RCA, 1978.
Example – episode of a radio program (or podcast), listened to on publisher's own Web site
"What It’s Really Like to ‘Walk’ in Space." Weekend Edition Sunday, NPR, 21 Aug. 2016, www.npr.org/2016/08/21/490821256/
Example – speech, listened to on a Web site
Kennedy, John F. "Ich Bin Ein Berliner." U of Virginia Miller Center, 26 June 1963, millercenter.org/president/speeches/speech-3376.
Example – poem, listened to from a library database
Thayer, Ernest Lawrence. "Thayer: 'Casey at the Bat'." Exploring Poetry, Gale, 2003. Research in Context, link.galegroup.com/apps/doc/